Fetal station quiz for maternity nursing students!
In maternity nursing, the student should be familiar with fetal station and how the baby’s presenting part measures in the pelvis. Fetal stations include +5 to -5. For maternity exams, be sure you can interpret the fetal station measurements.
Don’t forget to watch the lecture on fetal station before taking the quiz.
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Fetal Station Quiz
1. What landmark is used to assess fetal station?
A. Iliac spine
B. Pubic symphysis
D. Ischial spine
The answer is D. The ischial spines are used as a landmark to assess fetal station.
2. A 35-year-old female is in labor. The baby is engaged in the pelvis. As the nurse you know that this means that the fetal station is approximately?
The answer is B. When a baby is engaged it means the presenting part of the baby (usually the head) has entered down into the pelvic inlet, and the presenting part is located at the ischial spines, which is fetal station 0.
3. Note: Use the illustration above to answer questions 3, 4, and 5. The red line labeled as A is where the baby’s presenting part is located in the pelvis. What is the fetal station?
The answer is C. The fetal station is -3 (3 cm ABOVE the ischial spines).
4. In the illustration above, the red line labeled as B is where the baby’s presenting part is located in the pelvis. What is the fetal station?
The answer is B. The fetal station is +2 (2 cm BELOW the ischial spines).
5. In the illustration above, the red line labeled as C demonstrates where the baby’s presenting part is currently located. The nurse’s response would be to?
A. Assist the mother onto the left side
B. Check the baby’s heart rate
C. Prepare for delivery of the baby
D. Continue to monitor the labor
The answer is C. This is fetal station +4. At fetal station +4 to +5, the baby’s presenting part is 4 to 5 cm BELOW the ischial spines and the baby is about to be born. The nurse should prepare for delivery of the baby.
6. During the assessment of a laboring woman, it is noted the fetal station is +2. You interpret this to mean?
A. The baby’s presenting part is 2 cm above the iliac spine.
B. The baby’s presenting part is 2 cm below the iliac spine.
C. The baby’s presenting part is 2 cm above the ischial spine.
D. The baby’s presenting part is 2 cm below the ischial spine.
The answer is D: The baby’s presenting part is 2 cm below the ischial spine.
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