Medication abbreviations for frequencies of times and orders quiz for nursing.
In nursing it’s important to be familiar with abbreviations used to describe medication or order frequencies. Frequencies are the amount of times something should be completed or administered. Frequency abbreviations are also used to describe how often a procedure should be completed like wound care, dressing changes, suctioning, tube feedings etc.
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Medication Abbreviation Frequencies Time and Orders Quiz
1. The nurse receives an order that a medication needs to be administered q8h. The nurse interprets this order to mean the following?*
A. Administer the medication three times per day.
B. Administer the medication every 8 hours.
C. Administer the medication every 8 hours two times per day.
D. Administer the medication every two hours for 8 days.
The answer is B. q8h mean every 8 hours.
2. A patient is to receive an oral medication q4h. How many doses is the patient receiving per day?
A. 3 doses
B. 6 doses
C. 8 doses
D. 2 doses
The answer is B: q4h means every 4 hours….therefore, the patient is receiving 6 doses per day.
3. The physician writes an order to administer a medication daily PC. The nurse knows this means the following?
A. Administer the medication once a day in the morning.
B. Administer the medication once a day in the afternoon.
C. Administer the medication once a day after a meal.
D. Administer the medication once a day before a meal.
The answer is C. PC means after meals, and daily means once a day.
4. An order says: “Administer Morphine 1 mg IV q4hr PRN for pain rating greater than 5 on 1-10 scale.” The patient’s last dose what at 1200. It is now 1600. The patient’s pain rating is currently a 7 on 1-10 scale, and the patient requests pain medication. Your next nursing action is?
A. Perform non-pharmacological pain relief techniques with the patient because the medication is not due until 1800.
B. Notify the physician the patient is having pain, but the ordered pain medication is not due.
C. Administer 0.5 mg IV
D. Prepare to administer Morphine 1 mg IV now.
The answer is D. The patient can have Morphine every 4 hours (q4h) as needed (PRN) for a pain rating greater than 5 on 1-10 scale. The last dose was at 1200 and it is now 1600 (which is four hours from the last dose given). Therefore, the patient can have another dose per the physician’s order and parameters.
5. What does QID mean?
A. Five times per day
B. Two times per dose
C. Four times in a week
D. Four times a day
The answer is D: four times a day
6. The physician writes an order for a medication to be given AC. The nurse interprets this to mean?
A. Give the medication before meals.
B. Give the medication after meals.
C. Give the medication before bedtime.
D. Give the medication before noon.
The answer is A. AC means before meals.
7. The physician orders to draw a CBC and BMP STAT. The nurse interprets this as the following?
A. Draw the CBC and BMP within the next hour.
B. Draw the CBC and BMP in the morning.
C. Draw the CBC and BMP immediately.
D. Draw the CBC and BMP at some point during the shift.
The answer is C. STAT means immediately. The nurse should draw the CBC and BMP immediately.
8. Your patient is post-op from knee surgery. The patient has been using the incentive spirometer every two hours while awake as instructed. How could the nurse document the patient’s usage of the incentive spirometer in the patient’s electronic health record?
A. “The patient has been using the incentive spirometer BID while awake.”
B. “The patient has been using the incentive spirometer QOD while awake.”
C. “The patient has been using the incentive spirometer x2/hr while awake.”
D. “The patient has been using the incentive spirometer q2hr while awake.”
The answer is D. This would be a correct way to document and abbreviate the patient’s usage of the incentive spirometer.
9. The patient has been instructed to change wound dressing TID. How often should the patient change the dressing?
A. Two times per day
B. Three times per day
C. Two times per week
D. Three times per week
The answer is B. TID means three times per day.
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