This review will cover how to discontinue a peripheral IV.
Peripheral IVs are inserted in patients to help administer medications, blood products, and fluids. They are really an essential device used in the hospitalized patient.
Peripheral IVs are removed or discontinued when they need to be changed (about every 3 days, depending on the hospital’s protocol) or when the patient is being discharged.
Note: Always follow your hospital’s protocols for the latest skill guidelines for these may change overtime. In addition, make sure you have the proper certification before attempting any nursing skill.
Supplies Needed to Remove an IV:
Steps on How to Remove a Peripheral IV Line
- First, gather the supplies, perform hand hygiene, and don gloves.
- Next, carefully loosen the surrounding tape and tegaderm surrounding the IV insertion site.
- Once the tegaderm and tape are loose, take the gauze and place over the IV insertion site. Then in one smooth motion pull out the IV cannula. It should slide out with ease and very quickly.
- Next, apply firm pressure with the gauze on the insertion site. Be sure to apply firm pressure to prevent the seepage of blood under the tissues, which will lead to bruising. This needs to be performed for at least 2 minutes (or longer if the patient is taking anticoagulants).
- After the allotted time has passed, check the site and confirm it has stopped bleeding and secure the site with gauze and tape.
- Assess the removed IV cannula to confirm it is fully intact, discard it per facilities guidelines, doff gloves, perform hand hygiene, and document.
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