This quiz for hypophosphatemia and hyperphosphatemia will test your ability to differentiate the causes, signs & symptoms, and nursing intervention between these two conditions.
The NCLEX exam and your nursing lecture exams will ask you questions about how to provide care to patients with low or high calcium levels.
The questions on this quiz are some of the most common exam questions students are asked about hypophosphatemia and hyperphosphatemia.
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Teaching Tutorials for Hypophosphatemia & Hyperphosphatemia
Quiz on Hypophosphatemia and Hyperphosphatemia
A patient has a phosphate level of 5.6. The doctor orders the patient to take Phoslo. What education will you provide to this patient regarding this medication?
A. Take the medication with a meal or right after
B. Take the medication before bedtime when phosphate levels are the highest
C. Take the medication with 8 oz of water
D. Take the medication on an empty stomach
Which patient is likely to present with a phosphate level of 6.0?
A. A patient taking an aluminum hydroxide-based antacid four times a day.
B. A patient on total parenteral nutrition therapy (TPN).
C. A patient who reports drinking a 12 pack of beer daily.
D. A patient in end-stage renal failure who is scheduled for dialysis tomorrow.
A patient has been undergoing chemotherapy for treatment of breast cancer. The patient has started to exhibit early signs of Tumor Lysis Syndrome (TLS). Which of the following findings correlates with TLS?
A. Phosphate level of 6.5
B. Phosphate level of 2.0
C. Phosphate level of 2.9
D. Phosphate level of 4.0
A patient’s blood tests show they have a critically low parathyroid hormone (PTH). What effect would this have on phosphate and calcium levels in the blood?
A. Phosphate levels high, calcium levels low
B. Phosphate and calcium levels high
C. Phosphate and calcium levels low
D. Phosphate levels low, calcium levels high
A patient undergoing treatment for Rhabdomyolysis a with phosphate level of 6.0 is about to eat their dinner. What food from their food tray would you remove due to it high contents of phosphate?
A. Breaded chicken and French fries
B. Rice and broccoli
C. Macaroni and 2 oz of canned tuna
D. Baby carrots and peas
A patient has a phosphate level of 1.0. Which condition below is not a cause of this phosphate level?
B. Oncogenic Osteomalacia
C. Refeeding Syndrome
D. Thermal Burns
What of the following is not an expected treatment for a phosphate level of 2.2?
A. Administering Vitamin-D supplements
B. Administering Phoslo by mouth with meals
C. Encouraging the patient to eat fish, beef, chicken, and organ meats
D. Ensuring patient safety due to risk of bone fractures
Which of the following would you NOT expect to see with a phosphate level of 1.2?
D. Positive Trousseau’s Sign
A patient is experiencing hypercalcemia and has developed renal calculi. What is the effect on the phosphate level in hypercalcemia?
A. Phosphate level increase
B. Phosphate level decrease
C. Phosphate level remain the same
D. Phosphate level normalizes
A patient is being discharged after being hospitalized with a phosphate level of 1.8. What type of foods will you encourage the patient to consume in your diet teaching?
A. Organs meats and beef
B. Fresh fruits and vegetables
C. Beans and beets
D. Turnips and cauliflower
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