This is a quiz that contains NCLEX review questions for diverticulosis and diverticulitis. As a nurse providing care to a patient with diverticulosis or diverticulitis, it is important to know the classic signs and symptoms of these two types of divercular diseases, diet management, complications, and nursing interventions.
In the previous NCLEX review series, I explained about other GI disorders you may be asked about on the NCLEX exam, so be sure to check out those reviews and quizzes as well.
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Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis NCLEX Questions
1. Most patients with diverticulosis are most likely to have diverticula located in the?
A. Transverse colon
B. Sigmoid Colon
D. Ascending Colon
2. You’re providing nursing education to a group of nursing students about diverticulosis verses diverticulitis. Which statement by the nursing students demonstrate they understand the education provided?
A. “Most patients with diverticulitis are asymptomatic.”
B. “Diverticulosis tends to occur in young women with a family history of diverticulosis.”
C. “Diverticulitis, if not treated, can lead to abscess formation and peritonitis.”
D. “Patients with diverticulosis should at all times avoid eating seeds and nuts.”
3. A patient with a history of diverticulosis is admitted with abdominal pain. The physician suspects diverticulitis. What other findings would correlate with diverticulitis? SELECT-ALL-THAT-APPLY:
A. Abdominal pain that is mainly present in the upper right quadrant
B. Unrelenting cramping type pain
C. Pain found at McBurney’s Point
D. Blood in stool
F. Reports of constipation
G. Abdominal bloating
H. Positive Cullen’s Sign
4. A patient asks what type of testing is performed to assess for diverticulosis. As the nurse, you know that which of the following is NOT used to assess for diverticulosis?
B. Barium enema
D. CT scan with contrast of the abdomen
5. A patient is experiencing an acute episode of diverticulitis. The patient is having abdominal pain, temperature 102.6 ‘F, and elevated WBCs. As the nurse, you know it is important to:
A. Encourage intake of high-fiber foods
B. Monitor the patient for peritonitis
C. Apply a heating pad to the patient’s abdomen to help alleviate pain
D. Encourage intake of full liquids
6. In regards to question 5, this patient signs and symptoms are starting to subside. Which of the following food items would be best for the patient to consume?
A. Oatmeal and bran
B. Orange juice and eggs
C. Chicken broth and Jello
D. Salad with chicken
7. You’re providing discharge teaching to a patient who was hospitalized with diverticulitis. Which statement by the patient requires you to re-educate the patient?
A. “It is important I consume a diet high in fiber and keep hydrated to keep my stool soft.”
B. “The physician prescribed me to take Psyllium every day which will help prevent constipation.”
C. “I will be sure to always cook and skin my fruits and vegetables rather than eating them fresh.”
D. “I will notify my physician if I develop abdominal pain and fever.”
8. True or False: Most patients with chronic diverticulitis require surgery at some point, such as a bowel resection. If the healthy bowel cannot be reconnected right away, a permanent colostomy will be created until it can be reconnected.
3. B, D, E, F, G
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